Efficacy of Narrow Band Imaging System Combined With Magnifying Endoscopy for Differentiating Type IIa Early Gastric Cancer From Adenoma

Hyung Hun Kim, Moo In Park, Jeong Moon Choi, Seun Ja Park, Won Moon

Abstract


Background: It is not always possible for endoscopists to differentiate early gastric cancer from adenoma in 0-IIa type neoplasia. The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between images obtained with a narrow band image system combined with magnifying endoscopy (MENBI) and histological findings, especially vascular patterns, to distinguish adenoma from type IIa early gastric cancer (EGC IIa).

Methods: We postoperatively confirmed and evaluated 46 elevated lesions, 32 adenomas and 14 EGC IIa in patients who had undergone endoscopic submucosal dissection. We randomly selected three sites from each neoplasm. The selected sites were classified as four irregular microvascular patterns (IMVPs). In addition, the selected sites were divided into two groups based on the presence of corkscrews.

Results: Regarding IMVP subcategories, (1) slight intrastructural irregular microvascular patterns (ISIMVPs) accounted for 84%, (2) severe ISIMVPs accounted for 6%, (3) fine networks (FNs) accounted for 10%, and (4) corkscrews accounted for 0 of cases in the adenomas. The corresponding proportions in the EGC IIa were (1) 24%, (2) 31%, (3) 45%, and (4) 0. Slight ISIMVPs, severe ISIMVPs, and FNs reliably distinguished the two diseases: P < 0.001 for slight ISMVPs; P < 0.001 for severe ISIMVPs; P < 0.001 for FNs. The presence of corkscrews was observed in 9.5% of EGC IIa and 0 of adenoma cases (P = 0.008).

Conclusions: MENBI can be used to differentiate EGC IIa from gastric adenoma based on IMVPs classifications and the presence of corkscrews.




Gastroenterol Res. 2011;4(5):210-215
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/gr351w

Keywords


Adenoma; Gastric cancer; Narrow band imaging

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