Rates, Reasons, and Independent Predictors of Readmissions in Portal Venous Thrombosis Hospitalizations in the USA

Robert Kwei-Nsoro, Pius Ojemolon, Hisham Laswi, Ebehiwele Ebhohon, Abdultawab Shaka, Wasey Ali Mir, Abdul Hassan Siddiqui, Jobin Philipose, Hafeez Shaka


Background: Portal vein thrombosis (PVT), generally considered rare, is becoming increasingly recognized with advanced imaging. Limited data exist regarding readmissions in PVT and its burden on the overall healthcare cost. This study aimed to outline the burden of PVT readmissions and identify the modifiable predictors of readmissions.

Methods: The National Readmission Database (NRD) was used to identify PVT admissions from 2016 to 2019. Using the patient demographic and hospital-specific variables within the NRD, we grouped patient encounters into two cohorts, 30- and 90-day readmission cohorts. We assessed comorbidities using the validated Elixhauser comorbidity index. We obtained inpatient mortality rates, mean length of hospital stay (LOS), total hospital cost (THC), and causes of readmissions in both 30- and 90-day readmission cohorts. Using a multivariate Cox regression analysis, we identified the independent predictors of 30-day readmissions.

Results: We identified 17,971 unique index hospitalizations, of which 2,971 (16.5%) were readmitted within 30 days. The top five causes of readmissions in both 30-day and 90-day readmission cohorts were PVT, sepsis, hepatocellular cancer, liver failure, and alcoholic liver cirrhosis. The following independent predictors of 30-day readmission were identified: discharge against medical advice (AMA) (adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 1.86; P = 0.002); renal failure (aHR 1.44, P = 0.014), metastatic cancer (aHR 1.31, P = 0.016), fluid and electrolyte disorders (aHR 1.20, P = 0.004), diabetes mellitus (aHR 1.31, P = 0.001) and alcohol abuse (aHR 1.31, P ? 0.001).

Conclusion: The readmission rate identified in this study was higher than the national average and targeted interventions addressing these factors may help reduce the overall health care costs.

Gastroenterol Res. 2022;15(5):253-262
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1561


Portal vein thrombosis; Readmissions; Healthcare expenditure; Outcomes

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