Suspected Blood Indicator to Identify Active Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Prospective Validation

Samuel Han, Julien Fahed, David R Cave


Background: The suspected blood indicator (SBI) function in the RAPID Reader v8.3 program was designed to quickly identify the presence of blood in video capsule endoscopy. While previous retrospective studies have shown that the SBI function was accurate in detecting the presence of active bleeding in the small bowel, its specificity and sensitivity were poor.

Methods: An initial retrospective review (phase 1) compared 115 patients with active gastrointestinal bleeding seen on video capsule endoscopy (VCE) to 115 patients with no active bleeding seen on VCE to produce a highly accurate algorithm. A prospective study (phase 2) was then performed by applying the algorithm to 100 consecutive patients who received VCE for the following indications: obscure bleeding, iron deficiency anemia, melena, and hematochezia.

Results: The initial retrospective review found that eight contiguous SBI markers had a specificity of 100% in identifying active gastrointestinal bleeding regardless of the total number of SBI markers, while two or more contiguous SBI markers had a sensitivity of 96.5%. Using a cutoff of eight contiguous SBI markers, the prospective arm found that there was a 100% sensitivity and specificity in detecting active gastrointestinal bleeding (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: The SBI function can greatly facilitate the identification of active gastrointestinal bleeding on VCE by using eight contiguous SBI markers as a cutoff for active bleeding.

Gastroenterol Res. 2018;11(2):106-111



Video capsule endoscopy; Gastrointestinal bleeding; Small bowel endoscopy; Obscure bleeding; Small bowel bleeding

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Gastroenterology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1918-2805 (print), 1918-2813 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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