A Fatal Case of Intra-Abdominal Hemorrhage Following Diagnostic Blind Percutaneous Liver Biopsy in a Patient With Peliosis Hepatis

Saptarshi Biswas, Shekhar Gogna, Prem Patel

Abstract


Peliosis hepatis (PH) is a rare vascular condition of the liver characterized by the presence of cystic blood filled cavities distributed randomly throughout the liver parenchyma. We describe a case of a 42-year-old previously healthy male patient, airlifted to us in a state of hemorrhagic shock after undergoing percutaneous diagnostic liver biopsy for lesions seen on CT scan. Repeat CT scan with IV contrast on presentation in our hospital showed intraperitoneal bleeding. Hepatic angiography failed to identify any specific bleeding source. A diagnostic laparoscopy was performed and approximate 9 L of hemoperitoneum was evacuated. The postoperative course was complicated with rapid hemodynamic deterioration, associated with acute hepatic failure progressively leading to multiorgan failure and death in spite of aggressive intensive care support. We suggest that PH should be considered as differential diagnosis of hypervascular hepatic lesions. It potentially can cause fatal acute non-traumatic liver hemorrhage.




Gastroenterol Res. 2017;10(5):318-321
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr873e

Keywords


Peliosis hepatis; Hemoperitoneum; Blind percutaneous liver biopsy

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