Ileal Varices Treated with Balloon-Occluded Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration

Takahiro Sato, Katsu Yamazaki, Jouji Toyota, Yoshiyasu Karino, Takumi Ohmura, Jun Akaike

Abstract


A 55-year-old man with hepatitis B virus antigen-positive liver cirrhosis was admitted to our hospital with anal bleeding. Colonoscopy revealed blood retention in the entire colon, but no bleeding lesion was found. Computed tomography images showed that vessels in the ileum were connected to the right testicular vein, and we suspected ileal varices to be the most probable cause of bleeding. We immediately performed double balloon enteroscopy, but failed to find any site of bleeding owing to the difficulty of fiberscope insertion with sever adhesion. Using a balloon catheter during retrograde transvenous venography, we found ileal varices communicating with the right testicular vein (efferent vein) with the superior mesenteric vein branch as the afferent vein of these varices. We performed balloon occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration by way of the efferent vein of the varices and have detected no further bleeding in this patient one year after treatment.




Gastroenterol Res. 2009;2(2):122-125
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/gr2009.04.1286

Keywords


Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration; Ectopic varices; Ileal varices; Interventional radiology; Portal hypertension

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