Combined Placement of Covered Self-Expanding Metallic Stents and Nasojejunal Tube for Managing Large Lower Esophageal Perforations

Surinder S Rana, Rajesh Gupta, Divya Dahiya, Arunanshu Behera, Deepak K Bhasin

Abstract


Covered self-expanding metallic stents (cSEMSs) have emerged as effective treatment option for esophageal perforations. However, the large lower esophageal perforations where the cSEMS is placed across gastroesophageal junction have lower healing rates because refluxed gastric contents constantly irritate perforation and also there is increased risk of stent migration. Moreover, gastric mucosa tends to prolapse into lumen of lower end of stent causing its obstruction, leading to seepage of saliva and fluids from upper end of stent even in the patients who are on parenteral nutrition. We present our experience of a novel technique of combined cSEMS and nasojejunal tube (NJT) placement in four patients (two males) with benign large lower esophageal perforations. The NJT was placed through the stent into the jejunum through which patients were given enteral feeding. The stents were placed 5 - 21 days after esophageal perforation with the size of perforation ranging from 4 to 6 cm. As the NJT formed a loop in stomach, it prevented migration of stent. And also its presence in lumen of stent prevented its obstruction by prolapsing gastric mucosa, thereby preventing seepage of saliva and fluids from side of stent. Both stents and NJT were removed after 6 weeks and leak closed in all patients. Combined cSEMS and NJT placement seems to be safe and effective for treating large lower esophageal perforations. NJT placement seems to decrease risk of migration, prevents seepage of fluids and permits early enteral nutrition, thereby improving the healing rates.




Gastroenterology Research. 2014;7(1):23-27
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/gr593w

Keywords


Esophagus; Stents; Leaks; Bariatric surgery

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