Glypican-3-Expressing Hepatocellular Carcinoma in a Non-Cirrhotic Patient with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis: Case Report and Literature Review

Mona H. Ismail

Abstract


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is now considered as the major cause of cryptogenic cirrhosis, which can progress to HCC. Glypican-3 is a member of the Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycan (HSP) family that plays a role in cell growth, differentiation, and migration. Glypican-3 is significantly up-regulated in a majority of HCCs compared to normal and benign liver samples. Glypican-3 protein is detectable in around 40-53% of HCC patients whereas it is not detectable in the serum of healthy individuals. There are several reports of HCC arising in the setting of non-cirrhotic NASH. This report describes a case of HCC that expressed Glypican-3 and arose in a 47-year-old female with noncirrhotic NASH.




Gastroenterol Res. 2010;3(5):223-228
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/gr224w

Keywords


Hepatocellular carcinoma; Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis; Glypican-3; Noncirrhotic

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