Traumatic Transection of Pancreas at the Neck: Feasibility of Parenchymal Preserving Strategy

Rudra Prasad Doley, Thakur Deen Yadav, Mandeep Kang, Ashwani Dalal, Mayank Jayant, Rajeev Sharma, Jai Dev Wig

Abstract


Background: To assess the feasibility and safety of a pancreas preserving operative technique in the management of isolated complete pancreatic neck transection following blunt abdominal trauma.

Methods: Two patients with isolated blunt fracture of the pancreatic neck underwent pancreas preserving procedure comprising of oversewing of the proximal pancreas and Roux-en-Y pancreatico jejunostomy to the distal remnant. A feeding jejunostomy tube was placed for postoperative nutritional support in these patients. Both patients received subcutaneous octreotide 300 µg/day.

Results: Their ages ranged from 15 years to 20 years, mode of injury was bicycle handle-bar injury (n = 2). Both had pancreatic transection at neck in the line of superior mesenteric vessels. One had ascites. These patients had pancreas parenchyma preserving surgery – internal drainage of the left remnant in a Roux-en-Y jejunal loop. The postoperative course was uneventful in these and both are well on follow-up.

Conclusions: Pancreas preserving strategy – suture of head side of pancreas and an internal drainage of left remnant with a Roux-en-Y jejunal loop is feasible and safe and should be considered in selected cases. Substantial amount of normal pancreatic parenchyma is preserved.




Gastroenterol Res. 2010;3(2):79-85
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/gr2010.02.163w

Keywords


Pancreas; Pancreatic injuries; Abdominal injuries; Organ preservation; Pancreatic anastomosis

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