Intestinal Parasitic Infections in 2023

Monjur Ahmed

Abstract


Intestinal parasites include intestinal protozoa and intestinal helminths. Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) pose a global health problem affecting over one billion people worldwide. Although these infections are predominantly seen in the developing world, they are frequently seen in the developed countries, particularly in immunocompromised patients. Patients’ clinical presentations generally include diarrhea, dysentery, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, nutritional deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, anal and perianal itching, and rarely intestinal obstruction. The intestinal parasites have similarities in their mode of transmission and life cycle. The stool test is the primary way of diagnosing IPIs. Treatment is given with various anti-parasitic agents. However, appropriate preventive measures are essential for successfully controlling the IPIs.




Gastroenterol Res. 2023;16(3):127-140
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/gr1622

Keywords


Intestinal protozoal infections; Intestinal helminths; Parasites of the gut; Life cycles of intestinal parasites; Treatment options of intestinal parasites

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