Inhibition of de novo Methyltransferase 3B is a Potential Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Hong Fan, Jian Cheng, Zhu Jiang Zhao


Background: Aberrant epigenetic patterns, including inactivation of tumor suppressor genes due to DNA methylation, have been described in many human cancers. Epigenetic therapeutic is a new and rapidly developing area of tumor treatment because DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitors can reverse its changes. We attempted to identify potential approach for epigenetic therapy of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Methods: We knocked down the expression of DNMT 1 or DNMT 3B by siRNA, and inhibited DNA methyltranferases by 5-Aza-2’-deoxycytidine. We used high-density oligonucleotide gene expression microarrays to examine the induced genes in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line SMMC-7721 after suppressing DNA methyltranferases. The 5’ ends of up-regulated genes were analyzed by BLAST database to determine whether they have promoter CpG islands, and then the identical induced genes were compared among different inhibition of DNA methyltranferases.

Results: Our results show that 9 genes were found to be over expressed by more than two-fold induced by DNMT1 siRNA and 5-Aza-CdR, and 30 genes were found to be over expressed by more than two-fold induced by DNMT3B siRNA and 5-Aza-CdR in SMMC-7721. Among them, 76.6% up-regulated genes conjectural contained 5’ CpG islands. The DNMT3B siRNA could induce more genes identical to demethylation agent in SMMC-7721.

Conclusions: DNMT3B might be a new potential target for therapy of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Gastroenterol Res. 2008;1(1):33-39


Epigenetic, therapy, DNMTs, Hepatocellular Carcinoma, 5-Aza-CdR, siRNA, CpG islands, methylation

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Gastroenterology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1918-2805 (print), 1918-2813 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.