Facing the Challenge of Acute Autoimmune Liver Disease: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature

Aikaterini Mastoraki, Evaggelia Papantoni, Ioannis S Papanikolaou, Olympia Kotsilianou, Dimitrios Kanakis, George Sakorafas, Michael Safioleas


Autoimmune liver diseases (ALD) comprise two broad categories: those with a hepatic predominance, autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), and those with a predominance of cholestatic features including primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). An overlap syndrome (OS) is thought to exist where a patient appears with clinical features of more than one immune-mediated liver disease. Based on one personal observation we report a case of histologically proven OS. The relevant literature is briefly reviewed. A 68-year-old male was admitted in our department with general malaise, anorexia and jaundice. Trans-abdominal ultrasonography as well as computerized tomography showed a slightly enlarged liver with mild fatty deposition and the patient was submitted to transcutaneous liver biopsy. Histological features included inflammatory infiltration of intra-hepatic bile ducts with the presence of endoepithelial lymphocytes and plasma cells, degenerative distortions and even focal damage of relevant epithelial cellular structures, periductal fibrosis, portal inflammation, interface hepatitis, ductular proliferation and canalicular cholestasis. It is apparent that exact definitions pertaining the OS are limited and general consensus on the precise determinations of overlap/variant syndromes is warranted in order to enable more accurate future research and establish common guidelines in the management of the condition.

Gastroenterol Res. 2009;2(3):183-187
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/gr2009.05.1295

Publish ahead of print June 1, 2009


Acute autoimmune liver disease; Overlap syndromes; Diagnostic approach; Therapeutic management

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Gastroenterology Research, bimonthly, ISSN 1918-2805 (print), 1918-2813 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.

This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.gastrores.org   editorial contact: editor@gastrores.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.